Roulette system strategies

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 -Part Two-


Roulette Equations


I am not planning to go deep into the concept of a complete equation for roulette but wanted to highlight a couple of useful and simple equations which the roulette researcher would often use.

One of the most frequent calculations I used to make related to how far the roulette wheel will move over a set period of time. We use this information often because we want to locate hot spots on the wheel at a given moment in order to nicely position our bets so they meet the ball on landing. We would need to know how far the wheel will move between a particular moment in the spin and the landing.

It could also apply to the whole spin where we want to know how far the wheel will rotate during the entire spin.



To make the simple calculation you  take the total time of the set period and divide it by the wheel speed. This will provide you with the exact number of revolutions that the wheel will travel during the set period. So, if the wheel is travelling at a revolution per two seconds and the total time of say the whole ball spin is 12 seconds then, by dividing the 12 by the 2 we find that the wheel would move exactly 6 revolutions, and more significantly that the exact same number would be under a particular pin at both the start and end of the spin.

Ok, so this doesn’t allow for wheel deceleration but hopefully you will see from the next section that this is not too serious and if there was any impact it would be very simple to adjust for.

The same calculation can be greatly extended to perhaps include the bounce factor being added in,  making the equation …  12 sec.(total time of spin) divided by 2 seconds (wheel revolution time)  Plus 0.33 revolutions which would be adding a bounce factor of plus 12 (12 number pockets being .033 of the wheel or 1/3rd of the wheel.



Roulette Wheel Deceleration


Roulette wheel deceleration rates will vary from wheel to wheel and is an important factor in playing winning roulette.

The good news is that there is a small conflict of interest here between Casinos and their Roulette wheel manufacturers in that the manufacturers like to use and show off the most modern technologies such as perfect bearings and balance.  Such well balanced wheels will rotate for ages, showing very small amounts of deceleration, sometimes to the point where it looks more like a test for perpetual motion, which isobviously better for the player than the casino, as it takes one more variable out of the game.

Of course there are many wheels out there that are 10 and 20 years old that will show varying levels of deceleration and this is certainly considered in all the Jafco systems, whether playing roulette visually or mechanically.



Roulette Wheel Speed Drift


The basic objective of timing or assessing the roulette wheel speed is to enable a bet position that arrives at the landing pin at the same moment as the ball. If the ball is bouncing longer than normal then this approaching bet position can simply be moved backward from the pin by the player.

There is a situation where the final bet position is not exactly where you expect it to be, despite doing everything else according to plan. In this instance it may be down to variations in the roulette rota deceleration, occurring at different speeds of wheel. This is commonly known as wheel speed drift, though this is not something I am familiar with in terms of my own systems and this is because I believe that it arises primarily from miss timing but also because the deceleration issue has not been properly considered.

With mechanical roulette wheel timing there is one obvious pitfall that some developers overlook. The basic problem arises when testing for wheel deceleration, in that the clocker will click each time the zero goes past a pin and that by assessing a number of these revolutions the computer can work out the deceleration rate, and indeed it can but only if programmed correctly.

 When you think about deceleration rates being calculated in this way the key problem lies in the fact that right from the start, the wheel speed time would be incorrect in that the wheel is slowing down during the first revolution, whilst being timed. If the revolution time is say 1 rev per 4 seconds then it was probably faster than that at the beginning of the revolution and slower than that by the end. This would cause roulette wheel speed drift.

With the Jafco Pred7 software we approach the issue differently and apply an exact deceleration rate that applies per second from the very first second of the spin. The rate can also be tweaked by very small amounts to create very accurate results.

When we viewed this so called problem from a visual playing perspective we devised a method that would be least affected by roulette wheel speed drift and resolving this was simple. Like a roulette computer clocker the visual player will also look first at the wheel speed and then the ball. However, unlike the roulette clocker the visual system player does not apply his wheel speed  until he selects his bet from the wheel itself later in the spin. The computer will not find its bet numbers on the wheel and it will be working its calculations based on your first click on the Zero, far earlier in the spin.

The benefit for the visual player is that if he is 0.2 seconds out on his wheel speed time then that inaccuracy will only come into play when he selects his bet, which for the visual player may only be about 6 or 7 seconds from the spin end. So even though the spin lasted 12 seconds the wheel speed inaccuracy was only affective for the last 6 or 7 seconds.

Another interesting advantage for the visual player is that they will time all the wheel speeds over the same set time period (counting//vibrations) adding great consistency and accuracy to the system. We don’t use the zero to zero type of timing where you can imagine how a wheel timed over a 2 second period will decelerate less than a slower wheel where it takes say 4 seconds to time a full revolution.  This would cause roulette wheel speed drift.



Roulette wheel speeds


There is nothing particularly complex about the maths covering the calculation of wheel speed but the important aspect is an individual’s ability to be accurate, often determined by personal levels of hand eye co ordination.

For me, the roulette wheel speed has always been more about how the different speeds create individual hot spots especially when also considering the landing points of the ball and other factors.

Roulette wheel speed will also impact on other areas of the game. I carried out a bounce study on a couple of wheels a number of years ago and I did many spins starting with a stationary roulette wheel and progressing through to a very fast roulette wheel. The results were almost exactly as one might predict in that the average bounce increased exactly in tune with the increase in wheel speed.

Any small inaccuracies or variations will always be exaggerated on a faster wheel. If the wheel speed is inaccurate by 0.2 seconds then the final bet position will be more adrift with a faster wheel. Or if the ball arrived 0.3 seconds later than predicted then again the resulting bet position would be affected more on a faster wheel.  Bear in mind that these are all just useful factors and not intended to suggest that slow wheels are better than fast as this is not necessarily the case. There is always a combination of factors being considered at any given moment and the more aware and well informed we are, the easier it is to make the right playing decisions.


Roulette Travel


Locating the very best roulette wheels is just a ‘numbers game’ in that the more wheels you get to see the more great playing opportunities you will find.

 I used to keep an eye on my International Casino Guide when booking my holidays, which often proved very worthwhile over the years. There are Casinos on ships, Casinos on mountains, Casino Cities and casinos in summer and winter resorts. They are all over most of the world and a great many of them have roulette playing situations that we like.

I had a great time touring around Europe a few years ago and must have seen about 500 different wheels. Many were playable andt I was able to travel from the best wheel to the next best wheel as I went. I met many interesting people and had many amazing moments. I met a man who was smashing the wheel of fortune at the Amsterdam Casino, I saw a guy in the Café De Paris   who won on every spin and we could all see this because above his electronic terminal the winners light would come on after every spin ! The only problem came after a few days when I realized that he was in fact so addicted he was merely betting on Red and Black !! and milking the attention of appearing to be winner.



Seeing as many wheels as possible is always the best policy for a player who wants to find something special, though it should be said that most casinos have something playable on offer, especially with the flexibility of the Jafco systems which can exploit even the less obvious wheel signatures.



Live Roulette

& Electronic Roulette Terminals


In more recent years the casinos have increased their use of electronic betting screens being linked to a live wheel. The quality of the picture will vary but essentially there are two types of film; one which has a more digital appearance where the movement tends to shudder and there is also a film type that has a more smooth type of appearance where all movements are more viewable.

So, what’s the big deal about these terminals I hear you ask.


1. When looking for special roulette wheel characteristics and collecting information it is always preferable to observe from a distance and a film screen showing the action is one such way.


2. There is one betting operation that can never be done at the roulette table but can be done on a linked electronic screen.

Let’s say that a variable rota speed was your biggest concern for playing a particular roulette system. In this situation you could set up a wide section bet on the screen based on an expected wheel speed and then click the cancel button each time the wheel speed is not what you want. Sounds simple and that’s because it is, though you do need to know exactly what you are aiming at and why and when !!


3. Professional roulette players often play in pairs and frequently interact between the live wheel and the screen. There are many combinations and possibilities in this area of the game and one should bear in mind that as a general rule the bets need to be made a moment earlier on the screen compared to being at the wheel.


4. Always keep an eye out for situations that can develop in seconds. I was once playing at a wheel that I knew was linked to the electronic screens. The manager decided to change the ball midway through a winning session and I wasn’t that happy. However, on looking carefully I noticed that because this new ball was very different it was landing much earlier than the previous ball had been. Because they had not reset the electronic eye that called the no more bets I figured that it may mean that one could bet very late on the machines. Sure enough, I spent the next two days moving from one machine to another, able to bet Voisins of Zero or The Tier section right up until the ball was hitting the pin !!  It was amazing for two days and they kept closing the terminals down thinking they were going faulty one by one, and by the time there were only two terminals left, they eventually realized. Pro roulette players would refer to this as situation play and to be good at it, you need to be an opportunist, always on the look out for a new an interesting angle on the game.


5. Some casinos still use roulette wheels with an electronic eye on top in order to ‘see’ the wheel and transfer data to the terminals, such as the winning number etc. These often have an led light that flickers on as the zero goes by. Naturally this light that is flashing is also demonstrating the wheel speed as per the time between the flashes, or zero going past.



Roulette Holy Grail


We have all seen this subject raised in conversation and on the forums. The definition of the roulette holy grail is not exactly an easy one but I guess it’s where you can virtually always predict the exact winner or is it where you are able to in fact predict all the winners?  The point I wish to make is that there is plenty of great playing without actually finding the holy grail and that to set goals at such high levels could be a problem in that by setting ones standards to high a player will overlook some of the slightly less than perfect situations that still represent very good playing opportunities.

Take it from me, as someone who has been visually reading the roulette ball for many years, I know exactly the extent to which it is constantly changing its action and to seek perfection from this would be a mistake in my view. There is no system that enables a player to just walk up to any wheel anywhere at anytime and just expect to win as if on auto pilot. In reality It doesn’t happen like this but if one sets goals that are within reach then there is every chance that the player can become a long term winner of roulette and with a very large margin albeit not winning every spin.

For myself, The Holy Grail of roulette is to complete my understanding of the strange and wonderful forces that affect the way in which the roulette ball behaves and although I shall never reach 100% understanding I would say I was may be 60% of the way there. I certainly have a clear idea of which conditions I should or shouldn’t be playing and the best part of my research is that to a  extent, these periods are predictable.



Roulette Counter measures


Casinos have developed a wide selection of counter measures against professional roulette players over the years and there is only one reason for this and one reason alone……..roulette is not and never has been an entirely random game.

To counter against the bias number player the casino has a several options.



 1.  The roulette wheel can be twisted.

 2.  The Casino may swap the roulette wheel with another.

 3.  The wheel can simply be thrown out.

 4.  The roulette bowl may be swapped between two wheels.

 5.  Some roulette wheels have a twistable number plate.



It’s worth noting that with all the counter measures above the pro-roulette player can still stay one step ahead of the game, provided they made a note of all the unique marks or scratches on each wheel. The player can then determine exactly which of the counter measures above has been utilised.


6. In an attempt to mix things up the Casino can change the roulette ball, though this is fairly rare. I have on one occasion even seen the ball being swapped for a broken roulette ball.



Roulette Professionals Act


This is all about looking like a long term loser even though the force is really going the other way. This is more important than it sounds and harder than it may seem.

There are some situations where a short term strategy is most suitable and in this event the act is important but not as much so as when a long term roulette strategy is required. When you have a good playing situation locally, it is worth preserving for the long term potential.

There are a number of factors when it comes to looking like a loser, and I would know !!

Players are allowed to keep cash chips back and to use them on another day. It is a good idea to keep some winning chips as it means less needs to be cashed in and it saves putting any cash down on the next visit. Other players or friends can cash in chips for the roulette pro too. I probably walked in with plastic chips on 8 out of every 10 visits to the casino over many years. Sometimes players can cash in chips in different branches of the same casino chain. Over the long term this saves the player from having to cash back all the money that he would normally lay down on the table.

To do this effectively, it is far better that they don’t know who has the chips at home. So to prevent this one needs to see which denominations of chips are written down. If you notice that it is only the $100 chips that are written down then you  can ask to be paid more frequently with £25 chips, which would then go to you unnoticed.

As a pro player it is important to avoid controversy; things like careless bettin,g resulting in arguments or hassle with other customers. A low profile is the order of the day, though some decency towards your favourite roulette dealers is always a good idea.



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Keywords relating to this roulette article; Roulette Holy Grail

Roulette wheel speeds, professional roulette winners



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